Scientology's Occult Roots Edit
Template:PL. Ron Hubbard patterned himself (and Scientology) after the famed English "black magician" and occultist, Aleister Crowley. Crowley founded the esoteric religion of "Thelema" which asserts that every human is a god trapped in a physical body. This is the model for Scientology's belief that individuals are superior spirits called "thetans." Crowley's Thelema teaches occult practices intended to enable the divine spirit to release themselves from the physical body. Hubbard devised Scientology practices and particularly "auditing" to acheive the same goal.
Template:PCrowley, in addition to founding his own occult church, was also a novelist, world traveler, adventurer, student of hermetic and eastern religions, channel to non-human entities, magician, libertine, drug experimenter and addict. Hubbard's enthusiasms, appetites, and practices mimic Crowley.
Template:PHubbard used the occult writings of Aleister Crowley as the intellectual foundation of Scientology. Hubbard discovered Crowley's "Book of the Law" at age 16, joined Crowley's 'Ordo Templis Orientis' at 24, and became a lifelong practitioner of Crowley's 'black magic.' Hubbard based Scientology on the tenets of Crowley's "left-hand-path" -- a phrase black magicians use to describe the immoral opposite of tradition religion.
Template:PDeification of the 'self' is the primary goal of left-hand-path adherents. This is the objective of Scientology, which teaches individuals they are spiritual "thetans" with personal power over "matter, energy, space, and time."
Template:PScientology's secret upper levels are an adaptation of Crowley's "left-hand-path" ideas. Jews, Christians, and Moslems seek a path "to" God or "one-ness" with the Creator. Left-hand-path zealots believe they "become" gods imbued with power over the universe. Scientologists achieving the cult's highest rank, "OT8" attain left-hand-path powers over multiple universes.
Template:PAleister Crowley popularized the phrase left-hand-path, which is a Hindu concept westernized by Madame Blavatsky. More specifically, the phrase is used by occultists to describe immoral ritual practices antipodal to traditional religions. Left-hand-path embodies specific doctrines that Hubbard used as the foundation of Scientology. Those roots are there, but Hubbard uses numerous tricks and deceptions to camouflage the left-hand-path in Scientology.
Template:PBefore examining left-hand-path in Scientology, we need to look at Hubbard's life-long devotion to occult practices and his association with Crowley's 'black magic'.
Template:PHubbard was introduced to Crowley's "Book of the Law" at the age of 16 and joined Crowley's "Ordo Templi Orientis" after leaving the Navy. Like Crowley, Hubbard dedicated himself to hypnotism, the occult and 'sex magick' These are probably the only subjects Hubbard studied consistently and non-superficially throughout his lifetime.
Template:PHubbard's eldest son, L. Ron Hubbard, Jr., revealed his father's 'black magic' after leaving the church and changing his name to Ron DeWolfe. DeWolfe helped his father develop many of Scientology's doctrines and training routines and used those routines as a high level "auditor" to members of the church.
Template:PDeWolfe, the former 'heir apparent' to the 'church', revealed that Scientology doctrine stemmed from:
Template:PDewolf described his upbringing in Satanism and 'black magic':
Template:PIn 1983, many readers found these revelations too fantastic to believe. But the truths of DeWolf’s allegations is supported through other sources. Biographers, Russell Miller and Jon Atack both report Hubbard's joining a chapter of Crowley's "OTO" after leaving the Navy in 1945.
Hubbard and Ritual Magick Edit
Template:PHubbard gained experience practicing Crowley's 'ritual magick' with Jack Parsons, known as "Frater Belarion" and head of the occult "Church of Thelema" in Pasadena, California. The rituals of Crowley's "OTO" were made public in 1973.
Template:PThe "Church of Thelema" was located in Parsons' house, which he shared with Hubbard and several kindred spirits. Hubbard and Parsons formed a close bond. The two men designed rituals to create a "moonchild" - impregnating Marjorie Cameron as the embodiment of the Goddess 'Babylon', the "Eternal Whore".
Template:PJon Atack, describes Parsons' and Hubard's preparation for this incarnation of a "child of Satan"
Template:PPrior to the ritual insemination, Parsons sojourns in the Mojave Desert, communicating telepathically with the 'Goddess Babylon', throughout the month of February. He learns Hubbard is to serve as Babylon's medium and must relay instruction to Parsons during the ritual. In effect, Hubbard becomes Parsons 'occult' - 'master of ceremonies'.
Template:PParsons and Hubbard continued these rituals to create a "Moonchild" through Marjorie Cameron, over the first several days in March. These events are quoted at length to indicate the extent to which Hubbard involved himself in 'Black Magic'. More examples could be given. Parsons and Hubbard invoked numerous excercises, visions and conjurings.
Template:PHubbard's participation in Parsons "Church of Thelema" was more than youthful flirtation with the 'dark side'. Hubbard continued his devotion to Crowley and the practice of 'Black Magic' throughout his life.
Template:PEven after the publication of "Dianetics in 1950, Hubbard openly paid homage to Crowley.
Template:PJeff Jacobsen, in his essay, "The Hubbard Is Bare" tells us:
Template:PThe use of narcotics to enhance occult insight is a characteristic left-hand-path practice. Like Crowley, Hubbard was a lifelong drug abuser. Both believed narcotics enhanced trance states providing access to alternate realities. Hubbard called this, "Narcosynthesis" and found amphetamines or "uppers" most effective. Hubbard was a longtime abuser of Benzedrine and recommended the drug,
Template:PNarcotics figured prominently in Hubbard's 'research' - which included feeding Phenobarbital to his children. DeWolfe reveals:
Template:PBenzedrine fueled visions Ron DeWolf's shared with his dad. These became the basis for Hubbard's Scientology text, "History of Man":
Template:PLike Crowley, Hubbard used hypnosis and trance states to make contact with beings from other realms. Crowley's sketch of a trance induced contact named "Lam" looks remarkably like Hubbard's alien emperor, "Lord Xenu".
Template:PHubbard's interest in Crowley's left-hand-path and the occult did not diminish even in later years. In 1976, Hubbard studied 'occult' books while hiding out in Washington, D.C. Hubbard's personal assistant, Kima Douglas, stated:
Template:PIn 1982, Gary Weber, once a member of Hubbard's elite "Commodore's Messengers", was sent to Scientology's 'St Hill' Organization in East Grinstead, UK. Gary recounts a rare opportunity to visit Hubbard's personal library where volumes on witchcraft and esoteric subjects were much in evidence:
Template:P"Left-Hand-Path" is how occultists describe their immoral path to enlightenment. In Latin, "left" means "sinister". "Left-handed" has a long association with evil intentions. The dichotomy between LHP/RHP is not used by traditional religions. You won't find a Catholic Priest saying he follows the "right-hand-path" - it's simply a dichotomy Satanists use to differentiate themselves from 'the opposition'.
Left Hand Path In Scientology Edit
Template:PCaroline Letkeman's superb "Left Hand Path In Scientology" compares Scientology doctrines against the research of Dr. Stephen Flowers, presented in "Lords of the Left Hand Path". The balance of this essay draws upon Caroline's work, which she very kindly allowed. The complete text of Left Hand Path In Scientology is available at her website.
Template:PThe major attribute of left-hand-path is the belief that individuals can become 'gods'. Flowers describes this 'deification of the self' as having four essential elements, self-deification, individualism, initiation, and magic.
Template:PThe following sections compare Traditional Religion, Left-Hand-Path, and Scientology, in terms of each of Dr. Flowers key elements.
“(1) Self-Deification - [In left-hand-path religions] attainment of an enlightened (or awakened), independently existing intellect and its relative immortality.”
~ Stephen Flowers, PhD
Template:PAs Caroline Letkeman puts it:
“(2) Individualism - [In left-hand-path religions] the enlightened intellect is that of a given individual, not a collective body.”
~ Stephen Flowers, PhD
Template:PScientology's dominant liturgical activity does not involve the whole congregation. It is a personal therapy called "auditing" intended to increase individual ability. Attached to a rudimentary lie detector called an "e-meter", Scientologists perform training routines created by Hubbard. The counselor ("auditor") who facilitates this process is prohibited from offering personal advice or making side comments. Scientology's secret upper 'OT' levels are self-administered. Scientologists perform the secret routines in isolation, a process called "solo auditing". Scientology is about personal attainment of divinity, not church-like group activities."
Template:PHubbard hides this left-hand-path narcissism in a clever deception that gives the appearance of church-like group activity. Scientologists promote "clearing the planet" which requires every citizen of earth to complete Scientology's upper level training. Scientologists, selling books and services to "clear the planet," are engaged in a church-like group activity. To outsiders this has the appearance of religious proselytizing. The deeper left-hand-path foundations are hidden public view and from rank and file Scientologists, as well.
Template:PIn practical application, "clearing the planet" would require every person on earth to engage in Scientology's isolated training, re-ignite their god-like thetan, and gain personal dominion over 'matter, energy, space, and time'. While Hubbard proclaims, "clearing the planet" is a group objective, there's no communitarian 'groupiness' to it. It would amount to a solo activity of the 9 billion inhabitants of earth.
Template:PHubbard says 'thetans' are in danger of losing their god-like individuality by "merging with the rest of the universe". Merging with the material world (including the "weaker beings' who inhabit it), is the worst possible fate for a 'thetan' and the "lowest point on [Hubbard's] tone scale". This left-hand-path doctrine is a stark contrast to traditional religions that teach unity, brotherhood, and becoming 'one' with the Creator.
Template:PLetkeman tells us, "Scientology doctrine states specifically that man is not ultimately part of “the All, or a Unity" and offers a Hubbard quote that deserves close reading:
Template:PWhat prevents a 'thetan' from merging with the material world is Scientology, itself. This subtle twist of left-hand-path doctrines, ultimately mandates that ALL Scientologists become subservient to Hubbard.
Template:PIn Left-Hand-Path religions, an individual can achieve powers about equal with Satan, himself. In Scientology, a 'thetan' can rise no farther than Hubbard!
Template:PThis is a clever snare. Hubbard says 'thetans' (on their own) are in constant danger of dissolution through contact with organizations of "weaker beings" - (regular folks, like Presbyterians). Flighty 'thetans' need Hubbard and Scientology to coordinate their powers against those "weaker beings". They need Scientology to protect their dominion over 'matter, energy, space, and time'. In short, Thetans need to belong to a totalitarian organization, led by L. Ron Hubbard!
Template:PAs Caroline Letkeman describes:
Template:PHubbard keeps thetans 'in line' through Scientology's ethics policies. This is contrary to the flexible morality prevalent in left-hand-path, but it keeps 'thetans' 'in the fold.' Scientologists submit to "security checks" and personal confessionals, answering questions such as, "Have you had an unkind thought about L. Ron Hubbard." "Have you had unkind thoughts about Scientology?" while hooked up to a rudimentary 'lie-detector' called an 'e-meter'.
Template:PIn these 'confessions' Scientologists are not revealing sins so much as admitting breaches of policy. In that sense, Scientology conforms to the flexible morals of left-hand-path. In Scientology, 'anything goes' so long as it doesn't violate policy. Punishments are meted out by ranking Scientologists. Forgiveness, such as it is, comes not from a 'Higher Power' but by the acquiescence of fellow 'thetans'
Template:PAs Letkeman relates:
“(3) Inititiation - [In left-hand-path religions] the enlightenment and strength of essence necessary for the desired state of evolution of self are attained by means of stages created by the will of the magician, not because he or she was "divine" to begin with”
~ Stephen Flowers, PhD
Template:PScientology disguises the left-hand-path foundation underlying the "grade chart" by publicly promoting the "Bridge to Total Freedom" as equivalent to religious "Grace". However, the difference is blatant. Traversing Scientology's "Bridge to Total Freedom" requires thousands of hours of training and indoctrination. In traditional religions, the Grace of Creator is granted to every congregant immediately and with no strings attached.
Template:PLetkeman contrasts "the fall" in traditional religion to Hubbard's notion of individual 'thetans' suffering a "devolutionary cycle" when faced by organized groups of 'weaker beings'. Here Hubbard mixes left-hand-path, deceptive echoes of traditional religion, and his own ideas. Left-hand-path is adapted to serve Hubbard's 'divinity' and made to look 'respectable'. Scientologists are fallen souls - (looks like traditional religion). They are really 'thetans' who can rise again to god-like power - (left-hand-path). Thetans need Scientology to maintain their divinity - (Hubbard's path).
Template:PLetkeman gives us more detail:
Hubbard's Eight Dynamics Edit
Template:PHubbard's 'eight dynamics' are another deception intended to make the left-hand-path in Scientology appear 'respectable'. Left-hand-path doctrines are diametric opposites of what would be found in traditional religion. Nowhere is this more apparent than in Hubbard's 'eight dynamics'. Letke says:
Template:PTraditional religions also talk about such things as:
Template:PBut traditional religion emphasizes these ideal in terms of subjugating oneself to a Higher Power, loving others, devotion to community, and caring for all God's creation.
Template:PHubbard's meaning is the direct opposite:
Template:PIn Scientology what Hubbard means by 'taking care of the dynamics' is knowing oneself to be:
Template:PScientology's fundamental belief, survive, (the survival and ascendancy of a god-like thetan) is diametrically opposite the belief of traditional religions. Traditional religions subsume the individual in a 'oneness' with a Creator, teach the subjugation of personal will, emphasize love for others, charity for all, care for the environment, and husbandry of all living things in God's creation.
Template:PHubbard's 'eight dynamics' deceptively 'look' like they embrace traditional moral values, but in reality, Scientology's 'survival and ascendancy' of god-like 'thetans' is diametrically opposite traditional religions. The 'eight dynamics' codify the left-Hand-Path in Scientology.
“(4) Magic - [In left-hand-path religions] practitioners of the left-hand path see themselves as using their own wills in a rationally intuited system or spiritual technology designed to cause the universe around them to conform to their self-willed patterns.”
~ Stephen Flowers, PhD
Template:PLetkeman elaborates how these powers manifest as the evolution of the thetan's will attaining ever-higher levels in Scientology:
Template:P"Hubbard closely associated “will” with his philosophical triangle of “Knowledge-Responsibility-Control.” The KRC triangle is Hubbard’s answer to Aleister Crowley’s Law of Thelema (Will): “Do What Thou Wilt Shall Be The Whole of the Law.” As with the Rosicrucian philosophical triangle, raising one corner of the triangle raises the other two corners. Therefore, as one’s knowledge is increased, his responsibility and his ability to control are raised. As one’s ability to control is increased, so too does his knowledge and responsibility increase. And as one increases his responsibility, his control and knowledge factors increase. For a further discussion on KRC, see Scientology and the KRC Triangle.
“Antinomianism is the Second Criteria Identifying Left Hand Path Religions”
~ Stephen Flowers, PhD
Template:PAntinomianism describes the degree to which a religion considers itself outside the bounds of established authority and law. As Letkeman explains, "The second of the two main criteria given by Flowers in determining whether the path is a left-hand path is Antinomianism."
Template:PAccording to Dr. Flowers antinomian, left-hand-path religions are not 'breaking the law', they believe that laws outside their cosmic doctrines do not exist.
Template:PAs Flowers puts it:
Template:PScientology, generally, disregards constituted authority and has a long history of flaunting, circumventing, and breaking the law. In this regard, Scientology is antinomian and left-hand-path.
Template:PAccording to Caroline Letkeman:
Template:PScientology's antinomianism therefore extends to the most serious crimes. Even murder and arson are to be dealt with inside of Scientology, beyond the view of the existing authorities and outside the laws of society.
Template:PScientology organizational crimes evidence the 'church's' antinomian disregard for legal authority.
Template:PIn the following, Hubbard asserts that Scientology's importance gives it greater legitimacy than the existing legal authorities. Scientology presumes critics 'guilty until proven innocent' and claims power to act, even when the law sees no cause for action. Hubbard writes, "We are not a law enforcement agency". What he means is Scientology stands above any law enforcement agency, empowered to prosecute critics legitimate legal authorities presume innocent. Hubbard's severe antinomianism clearly fits Dr. Flowers' characterization of Left-Hand-Path
Template:PCaroline Letkeman's essay superbly addresses the features of Scientology that place the cult within Dr. Flowers classification of Left-Hand-Path religions. Considering Hubbard's lifelong devotion to 'occult' practices and particularly Aleister Crowley's Satanism, this is not surprising. Hubbard admired Crowley, patterned his 'black magic', drug use, and hedonistic lifestyle after Crowley. Hubbard cribbed Crowley's writings to build the foundations of Scientology.
Template:PHubbard loved games, gamesmanship, tricks, trickery and deception. It's likely Hubbard enjoyed concealing the left-hand-path underpinnings of Scientology within the rubric of a seemingly legitimate right-hand-path religion.
Template:PTragically, Hubbard's 'game' followed it's own thetanic path, evolving into a ruthless criminal cult - abiding it's own rules, abusing its members, and deceiving society to gain wealth and power. The soul of Scientology adheres ardently to Aleister Crowley's most fundamental principle:Template:P
Further Reading Edit
- Atack, Jon,  - Hubbard and the Occult
- Atack, Jon, A Piece Of Blue Sky, © 1990
- Crowley, Aleister, Magick Without Tears, © 1954.
- Flowers, Stephen E., Lords of the Left-Hand Path © 1997 Stephen E. Flowers
- Lerma, Arnie, Lermanet: Exposing The Con
- Letkeman, Caroline, Refund and Reparations - Essays on Scientology.
- LMT (Lisa McPherson Trust) International Archive, Legal Section - Archive of Scientology litigation.
- Miller, Russell, Bare-Faced Messiah, © 1987
- Operation Clambake, Guardian Office operations - Scientology’s Intelligence Program to Infiltrate the World Federation of Mental Health.
- Owen, Chris, Scientology’s Secret Service - Various documents relating to Scientology’s Hubbard Communications Office, the Guardian Office and its successor, the Office of Special Affairs.